Varietal performance of jute based on yield and yield contributing characters under the Terai region of Province -1 Nepal
Keywords:jute, varietal performance, yields
A research experiment was conducted to know the varietal performance of some jute varieties at the farm of Jute Research Programme, Itahari, Sunsari, Nepal, during the jute growing period in 2019 and 2020. A total of fifteen tossa jute varieties viz. CO-58, JRCM-2, JRO-524, JRO-2407, SM-100, JRO-204, NJ-7010, Mahabij, JBO-2003H, JRO-7835, YA-41, Itahari-2, OM-1, JRO-632 and KEN-DS-058 were used as experimental crops. The experiment was laid out in Randomize Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications, and each replicate had 12 lines with an inter and Intra row spacing of 25 cm and 5 to 7cm, respectively. Varietal performances of jute showed statistically significant variation for all the traits. Among the tested varieties, the jute variety NJ-7010 showed the tallest plant height (366 cm), highest basal diameter (20.6 mm), bark thickness (1.7 mm), leaf width (4.8 cm), petiole length (4.7cm), lowest disease incidence (2.5 %) respectively. However, the variety JRCM-2 and JRO-524 showed the highest leaf length (15.1 cm), while the variety JRO-524 showed the lowest pest incidence (4.2 %). Furthermore, the jute variety NJ-7010 also showed greater results on various yield characters viz. green leaf weight (17.3 ton/ha), green plant weight (100.3 ton/ha), green fibre weight (44.7 ton/ha), green stick weight (57 ton/ha), dry fibre weight (7.2 ton/ha), dry stick weight (17.3 ton/ha). Thus, the jute variety NJ-7010 understood superiority in growth, yield, and yield-attributing traits. Therefore, the jute variety NJ-7010 could be a more successful, productive variety than other tested varieties in the terai region of Province-1 Nepal.
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